Ambedkar Jayanti 2019: -Father Of The Indian Constitution, Dalit Buddhist Movement

Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti, symbolizes the birth anniversary of Bhimrao Ambedkar or BR Ambedkar - "Father of The Indian Constitution". Celebrated on 14th April, Ambedkar Jayanti honors the Dalit icon who dedicated his life to working for the upliftment of untouchables, women, and labourers.

Dr. BR Ambedkar not only gave a constitution to India but also played an important role in the formation of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) - the country's central banking institution. A social reformer, economist and jurist, BR Ambedkar was behind the Dalit Buddhist movement in India.

Bhimrao Ambedkar was sensitive to the plight of Dalits since his childhood, which was considered untouchable and was also excluded from society. Growing up as a Dalit child, he was always sensitive to the treatment given to him and other Dalit children.

The manner in which the Dalit children were ignored in classes and only allowed to sit on gunny sacks that they had to bring from home, they had a deep impact on them. The Dalit children were not allowed to touch the water or water utensil and only a high caste person could put water for them.

In the case of young Ambedkar, it was the peon of the school, which had to do this work for him. The incident was described in one of his famous writings - "No peon, no water."


In 1956, he launched a socio-political movement called Dalit Buddhist movement in India, in which nearly half a million Dalits were involved. The movement later changed into the Navayana Buddhist or neo-Buddhist religion, a re-interpretation of Buddhism. BR Ambedkar was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna of India's highest civilian award in 1990.

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